Here, a few useful papers are listed for all those that want to take
a
closer look at the turbulence models implemented in GOTM. Don't
forget, however, that there is a very detailed scientific
documentation for GOTM.

A recent overview over the second-order models in GOTM comes from
Umlauf and Burchard
(2005), who describe the most popular models used
in ocean modelling, and convert them to the unifying notation also
used in the GOTM implementation. An inter-comparison of some
second-order models can be found in Burchard and Bolding
(2001), who
discuss a number of tests in realistic marine situations. These
second-order models are used in GOTM typically in a two-equation model
set-up, where the standard model is the -
model outlined
by Burchard and Baumert
(1995). Another standard model in geophysical
applications is the Mellor-Yamada model, which has been compared to
the - model in Burchard et al. (1998),
also see
Burchard (2001). More
recent developments focused on the
- model, see Umlauf et al. (2003),
and a ``generic''
length scale equation from which virtually all other two-equation
models can be derived as special cases, see
Umlauf and Burchard
(2003). Many more issues, like stability, energy
conserving discretisation, and adaptive grids are mentioned in the
documentation together with appropriate references.

From version 3.2 on, also the KPP model is part of GOTM. This model
has been developed by Large
et al. (1994); a bottom mixing module,
which is also part of the GOTM implementation, has been added by
Durksi et al. (2004).