This scenario is a classical scenario for the Northern Pacific, for which long term observations of meteorological parameters and temperature profiles are available. The station Papa at 145 deg W, 50 deg N has the advantage that it is situated in a region where the horizontal advection of heat and salt is assumed to be small. Various authors used these data for validating turbulence closure schemes. [caption id=“attachment_488” align=“aligncenter” width=“640”] Annual cycle of temperature development at the OWS Papa site in the North East Pacific. This plot was created with ows_papa.py. [/caption] The way how bulk formulae for the surface momentum and heat fluxes have been used here is discussed in detail in Burchard et al. (1999). The maximum simulation time allowed by the included surface forcing file and the temperature profile file is January 1 (17.00 h), 1960 - December 31 (12.00 h), 1968. In this scenario, the simulation time is run from March 25, 1961 (0.00 h) to March 25, 1962 (0.00 h). For further information, see Burchard and Bolding (2001).